1. In the first 10 overs of a cricket game, the run rate was only 3.2. What should be the run rate in the remaining 40 overs to reach the target of 282 runs? | |

A. 6.25 | B. 5.5 |

C. 7.4 | D. 5 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

$MF#%\text{Runs scored in the first 10 overs = }10 \times 3.2 = 32$MF#%

Total runs = 282

remaining runs to be scored = 282 - 32 = 250

remaining overs = 40

$MF#%\text{Run rate needed = }\dfrac{250}{40} = 6.25$MF#%

2. A grocer has a sale of Rs. 6435, Rs. 6927, Rs. 6855, Rs. 7230 and Rs. 6562 for 5 consecutive months. How much sale must he have in the sixth month so that he gets an average sale of Rs. 6500? | |

A. 4800 | B. 4991 |

C. 5004 | D. 5000 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

Let the sale in the sixth month = x

$MF#%\text{Then }\dfrac{6435 + 6927 + 6855+ 7230 + 6562 + x}{6} = 6500$MF#%

=> 6435 + 6927 + 6855+ 7230 + 6562 + x = 6 × 6500 = 39000

=> 34009 + x = 39000

=> x = 39000 - 34009 = 4991

3. The average of 20 numbers is zero. Of them, How many of them may be greater than zero , at the most? | |

A. 1 | B. 20 |

C. 0 | D. 19 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

Average of 20 numbers = 0

$MF#%=> \dfrac{\text{Sum of 20 numbers}}{20} = 0$MF#%

=> Sum of 20 numbers = 0

Hence at the most, there can be 19 positive numbers.

(Such that if the sum of these 19 positive numbers is x, 20th number will be -x)

4. The captain of a cricket team of 11 members is 26 years old and the wicket keeper is 3 years older. If the ages of these two are excluded, the average age of the remaining players is one year less than the average age of the whole team. Find out the average age of the team. | |

A. 23 years | B. 20 years |

C. 24 years | D. 21 years |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

Number of members in the team = 11

Let the average age of of the team = x

$MF#%\text{=>}\dfrac{\text{Sum of the ages of all the 11 members of the team}}{11} = x$MF#%

=> Sum of the ages of all the 11 members of the team = 11x

Age of the captain = 26

Age of the wicket keeper = 26 + 3 = 29

Sum of the ages of 9 members of the team excluding captain and wicket keeper

= 11x - 26 - 29 = 11x - 55

Average age of 9 members of the team excluding captain and wicket keeper

$MF#%= \dfrac{11x - 55}{9}$MF#%

$MF#%\text{Given that }\dfrac{11x - 55}{9} = (x - 1)$MF#%

=> 11x - 55 = 9(x - 1)

=> 11x - 55 = 9x - 9

=> 2x = 46

$MF#%=> x = \dfrac{46}{2} = 23\text{ years}$MF#%

5. The average monthly income of A and B is Rs. 5050. The average monthly income of B and C is Rs. 6250 and the average monthly income of A and C is Rs. 5200. What is the monthly income of A? | |

A. 2000 | B. 3000 |

C. 4000 | D. 5000 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

Let the monthly income of A = a

monthly income of B = b

monthly income of C = a

$MF#%\begin{align}

&a + b = 2 \times 5050 ---------(Equation 1)\\\\

&b + c = 2 \times 6250 ---------(Equation 2)\\\\

&a + c = 2 \times 5200 ---------(Equation 3)\\\\

\end{align} $MF#%

(Equation 1) + (Equation 3) - (Equation 2)

$MF#%=> a + b + a + c - (b + c) = \left(2 \times 5050\right) + \left(2 \times 5200\right) - \left(2 \times 6250\right) $MF#%

=> 2a = 2(5050 + 5200 - 6250)

=> a = 4000

=> Monthly income of A = 4000

6. A car owner buys diesel at Rs.7.50, Rs. 8 and Rs. 8.50 per litre for three successive years. What approximately is the average cost per litre of diesel if he spends Rs. 4000 each year? | |

A. Rs. 8 | B. Rs. 7.98 |

C. Rs. 6.2 | D. Rs. 8.1 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total Cost = }4000 \times 3\\\\

&\text{Total diesel used = }\dfrac{4000}{7.5} + \dfrac{4000}{8} + \dfrac{4000}{8.5}\\\\

&\text{average cost per litre of diesel = }\dfrac{4000 \times 3}{\left(\dfrac{4000}{7.5} + \dfrac{4000}{8} + \dfrac{4000}{8.5}\right)} = \dfrac{3}{\left(\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8.5}\right)}\\\\\\\\

&\text{It is important how you proceed from this stage. Remember time is very important here}\\\\

&\text{and if we solve this completely in the traditional way, it may take lot of time.}\\\\

&\text{Instead, we can find out the approximate value easily and select the right answer from the}\\\\

&\text{given choices}\\\\

&\text{In this case answer = }\dfrac{3}{\left(\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8.5}\right)}\\\\

&\approx \dfrac{3}{\left(\dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8}\right)} \approx \dfrac{3}{\left(\dfrac{3}{8}\right)} \approx 8 \\\\\\\\

&\text{Means we got that answer is approximately equal to 8. From the given choices, the answer}\\\\

&\text{can be 8 or 7.98 or 8.1 . But which one from these?}\\\\\\\\

&\text{It will be easy to figure out. Just see here the denominator was }\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8.5}\\\\

&\text{and we approximated it as }\dfrac{3}{8}\text{. However}\\\\

&\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8.5} = \dfrac{1}{8-.5}+\dfrac{1}{8+.5} = \dfrac{8+.5+8-.5}{\left(8-.5\right)\left(8+.5\right)} \\\\

&= \dfrac{16}{\left(8^2-.5^2\right)} \left[\text{because }a^2 - b^2 = \left(a-b\right) \left(a+b\right)\right] \\\\

&= \dfrac{16}{\left(64-.25\right)}\\\\

&\text{ie, }\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8.5} = \dfrac{16}{\left(64-.25\right)}\\\\

&\text{We know that }\dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8} = \dfrac{1}{4} = \dfrac{16}{64}\\\\

&\text{=> }\dfrac{1}{7.5} + \dfrac{1}{8.5} > \dfrac{1}{8} + \dfrac{1}{8}\\\\\\\\

&\text{Early we had approximated the denominator as }\dfrac{3}{8}\\\\

&\text{However from the above mentioned equations, now you know that actually denominator is}\\\\

&\text{slightly greater than }\dfrac{3}{8} \\\\ \\\\

&\text{It means that answer is slightly lower that 8. Hence we can pick the choice 7.98 as}\\\\

&\text{the answer}\\\\\\\\

&\text{Try to remember the relations between numbers and which can help you to save a lot of time}\\\\

&\text{which can be very precious in competitive exams}

\end{align} $MF#%

7. In Kiran's opinion, his weight is greater than 65 kg but less than 72 kg. His brother does not agree with Kiran and he thinks that Kiran's weight is greater than 60 kg but less than 70 kg. His mother's view is that his weight cannot be greater than 68 kg. If all are them are correct in their estimation, what is the average of different probable weights of Kiran? | |

A. 70 kg | B. 69 kg |

C. 61 kg | D. 67 kg |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

Let Kiran's weight = x. Then

According to Kiran, 65 < x < 72 ------------(equation 1)

According to brother, 60 < x < 70 ------------(equation 2)

$MF#%\text{According to mother, }x \leq 68\text{ ------------(equation 3)}$MF#%

Given that equation 1,equation 2 and equation 3 are correct. By combining these equations,

we can write as

$MF#%65 < x \leq 68$MF#%

That is x = 66 or 67 or 68

$MF#%\text{average of different probable weights of Kiran = }\dfrac{66+67+68}{3} = 67$MF#%

8. The average weight of 16 boys in a class is 50.25 kg and that of the remaining 8 boys is 45.15 kg. Find the average weights of all the boys in the class. | |

A. 48.55 | B. 42.25 |

C. 50 | D. 51.25 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Average weight of 16 boys = }50.25\\\\

&\text{Total Weight of 16 boys = }50.25 \times 16\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Average weight of remaining 8 boys = }45.15\\\\

&\text{Total Weight of remaining 8 boys = }45.15 \times 8\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Total weight of all boys in the class = }\left( 50.25 \times 16 \right)+\left( 45.15 \times 8\right)\\\\

&\text{Total boys = }16 + 8 = 24\\\\

&\text{Average weight of all the boys = }\dfrac{\left( 50.25 \times 16 \right)+\left( 45.15 \times 8\right)}{24}\\\\

&= \dfrac{\left( 50.25 \times 2\right)+\left( 45.15 \times 1\right)}{3} = \left( 16.75 \times 2\right)+ 15.05 = 33.5 + 15.05\\\\

&=48.55

\end{align} $MF#%

9. A library has an average of 510 visitors on Sundays and 240 on other days. What is the average number of visitors per day in a month of 30 days beginning with a Sunday? | |

A. 290 | B. 304 |

C. 285 | D. 270 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

in a month of 30 days beginning with a Sunday, there will be 4 complete weeks and

another two days which will be Sunday and Monday

Hence there will be 5 Sundays and 25 other days in a month of 30 days beginning with

a Sunday

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Average visitors on Sundays = }510\\\\

&\text{Total visitors of 5 Sundays = }510 \times 5\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Average visitors on other days = }240\\\\

&\text{Total visitors of other 25 days = }240 \times 25\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Total visitors = }\left( 510 \times 5 \right)+\left( 240 \times 25\right)\\\\

&\text{Total days= }30\\\\

&\text{Average number of visitors per day = }\dfrac{\left( 510 \times 5 \right)+\left( 240 \times 25\right)}{30}\\\\

&= \dfrac{\left( 51 \times 5 \right)+\left( 24 \times 25\right)}{3} = \left( 17\times 5 \right)+\left( 8\times 25\right) = 85+200=285 \\\\

\end{align} $MF#%

10. A student's mark was wrongly entered as 83 instead of 63. Due to that the average marks for the class got increased by half 1/2. What is the number of students in the class? | |

A. 45 | B. 40 |

C. 35 | D. 30 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Let the total number of students = x}\\\\

&\text{The average marks increased by }\dfrac{1}{2}\text{ due to an increase of 83-63=20 marks.}\\\\

&\text{But total increase in the marks = }\dfrac{1}{2}\times x = \dfrac{x}{2}\\\\

&\text{Hence we can write as}\\\\

&\dfrac{x}{2}=20\\\\

&\Rightarrow x = 20 \times 2 = 40

\end{align}$MF#%

11. A family consists of two grandparents, two parents and three grandchildren. The average age of the grandparents is 67 years, that of the parents is 35 years and that of the grandchildren is 6 years. The average age of the family is | |

A. $MF#%32 \dfrac{2}{7}$MF#% years | B. $MF#%31 \dfrac{5}{7}$MF#% years |

C. $MF#%28\dfrac{1}{7}$MF#% years | D. $MF#%30 \dfrac{5}{7}$MF#% years |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total age of the grandparents = }67 \times 2\\\\

&\text{Total age of the parents = }35 \times 2\\\\

&\text{Total age of the grandchildren = }6 \times 3\\\\

&\text{Average age of the family = }\dfrac{\left(67 \times 2\right) + \left(35 \times 2\right) + \left(6 \times 3\right)}{7}\\\\

&= \dfrac{134+70+18}{7} = \dfrac{222}{7} = 31 \dfrac{5}{7}

\end{align} $MF#%

12. The average weight of A, B and C is 45 kg. If the average weight of A and B be 40 kg and that of B and C be 43 kg, what is the weight of B? | |

A. $MF#%31 $MF#% kg | B. $MF#%28 \dfrac{1}{2} $MF#% kg |

C. $MF#%32 $MF#% kg | D. $MF#%30 \dfrac{1}{2} $MF#% kg |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Let the weight of A, B and C are a,b and c respectively.}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Average weight of A,B and C = 45}\\\\

&a + b + c = 45 \times 3 = 135 \text{---equation(1)}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{average weight of A and B = }40\\\\

&a + b = 40 \times 2 = 80 \text{---equation(2)}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{average weight of B and C = }43\\\\

& b+ c = 43 \times 2 = 86 \text{ ---equation(3)}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{equation(2)+equation(3)- equation(1) }=> a + b + b+ c - (a+b+c) = 80 + 86 -135 \\\\

&=> b = 80 + 86 -135 = 166-135 = 31\\\\

&=>\text{ weight of B = 31}\\\\

\end{align} $MF#%

13. If the average marks of three batches of 55, 60 and 45 students respectively is 50, 55, 60, what is the average marks of all the students? | |

A. 53.23 | B. 54.68 |

C. 51.33 | D. 50 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

Average marks of batch1 = 50

Students in batch1 = 55

$MF#%\text{Total marks of batch1} = 55 \times 50$MF#%

Average marks of batch2 = 55

Students in batch2 = 60

$MF#%\text{Total marks of batch2} = 60\times 55$MF#%

Average marks of batch3 = 60

Students in batch3 = 45

$MF#%\text{Total marks of batch3} = 45 \times 60 $MF#%

Total students = 55 + 60 + 45 = 160

$MF#%\text{Average marks of all the students = }\dfrac{ \left(55 \times 50 \right)+ \left(60 \times 55 \right)+ \left( 45 \times 60 \right)}{160}

\\\\= \dfrac{275+ 330+ 270}{16} = \dfrac{875}{16} = 54.68$MF#%

14. The average age of husband, wife and their child 3 years ago was 27 years and that of wife and the child 5 years ago was 20 years. What is the present age of the husband? | |

A. 40 | B. 32 |

C. 28 | D. 30 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

let the present age of the husband = h

present age of the wife = w

present age of the child = c

3 years ago, average age of husband, wife and their child = 27

$MF#%=>\text{Sum of age of husband, wife and their child before 3 years = }3 \times 27 = 81$MF#%

=> (h-3) + (w-3) + (c-3) = 81

=> h + w + c = 81+9 = 90 -------------------equation(1)

5 years ago, average age of wife and child = 20

$MF#%=>\text{Sum of age of wife and child before 5 years = }2 \times 20 = 40$MF#%

=> (w-5) + (c-5) = 40

=> w + c = 40+10 = 50 -------------------equation(2)

Substituting equation(2) in equation(1)

=> h + 50 = 90

=> h = 90 - 50 = 40

=>present age of the husband = 40

15. The average weight of 8 person's increases by 2.5 kg when a new person comes in place of one of them weighing 65 kg. What is the weight of the new person? | |

A. 75 Kg | B. 50 Kg |

C. 85 Kg | D. 80 Kg |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

$MF#%\text{Total increase in weight = }8 \times 2.5 = 20$MF#%

If x is the weight of the new person, total increase in weight = x - 65

=> 20 = x - 65

=> x = 20 + 65 = 85

16. There are two divisions A and B of a class, consisting of 36 and 44 students respectively. If the average weight of divisions A is 40 kg and that of division b is 35 kg. What is the average weight of the whole class? | |

A. 38.25 | B. 37.25 |

C. 38.5 | D. 37 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

$MF#%\text{Total weight of students in division A = }36 \times 40\\\\

\text{Total weight of students in division B = }44 \times 35\\\\

\text{Total students = }36 + 44 = 80\\\\

\text{Average weight of the whole class = }\dfrac{\left(36 \times 40 \right)+\left(44 \times 35 \right)}{80}\\\\

= \dfrac{\left(9 \times 40 \right)+\left(11\times 35 \right)}{20}=\dfrac{\left(9 \times 8\right)+\left(11\times 7\right)}{4}=\dfrac{72+77}{4}=\dfrac{149}{4}=37.25$MF#%

17. A batsman makes a score of 87 runs in the 17th inning and thus increases his averages by 3. What is his average after 17th inning? | |

A. 39 | B. 35 |

C. 42 | D. 40.5 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

Let the average after 17 innings = x

Total runs scored in 17 innings = 17x

then average after 16 innings = (x-3)

Total runs scored in 16 innings = 16(x-3)

We know that Total runs scored in 16 innings + 87 = Total runs scored in 17 innings

=> 16(x-3) + 87 = 17x

=> 16x - 48 + 87 = 17x

=> x = 39

18. A student needed to find the arithmetic mean of the numbers 3, 11, 7, 9, 15, 13, 8, 19, 17, 21, 14 and x. He found the mean to be 12. What is the value of x? | |

A. 12 | B. 5 |

C. 7 | D. 9 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

$MF#%\dfrac{3 + 11 + 7 + 9+ 15 + 13 + 8 + 19 + 17 + 21 + 14 + x}{12} = 12\\\\

=> \dfrac{137 + x}{12} = 12$MF#%

=> 137 + x = 144

=> x = 144 - 137 = 7

19. Arun obtained 76, 65, 82, 67 and 85 marks (out in 100) in English, Mathematics, Chemistry, Biology and Physics. What is his average mark? | |

A. 53 | B. 54 |

C. 72 | D. 75 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

$MF#%\text{Average mark = }\dfrac{76 + 65 + 82 + 67 + 85}{5}=\dfrac{375}{5}=75$MF#%

20. Distance between two stations A and B is 778 km. A train covers the journey from A to B at 84 km per hour and returns back to A with a uniform speed of 56km per hour. Find the average speed of the train during the whole journey? | |

A. 69.0 km /hr | B. 69.2 km /hr |

C. 67.2 km /hr | D. 67.0 km /hr |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

-------------------------------------------

Solution 1 (Quick)

--------------------------------------------

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{If a car covers a certain distance at x kmph and an equal distance at y kmph. Then,}\\

&\text{the average speed of the whole journey = }\dfrac{2xy}{x+y}\text{ kmph.}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{By using the same formula, we can find out the average speed quickly}\\\

&\text{average speed = }\dfrac{2 \times 84 \times 56}{84 + 56} = \dfrac{2\times84 \times 56}{140} = \dfrac{2 \times 21 \times 56}{35}\\\\

&= \dfrac{2 \times 3 \times 56}{5} = \dfrac{336}{5} = 67.2

\end{align} $MF#%

-------------------------------------------

Solution 2 (Fundamentals)

--------------------------------------------

Though it is a good idea to solve the problems quickly using formulas, you should

know the fundamentals too. Let's see how we can solve this problems using basics

Train travels from A to B at 84 km per hour

Let the distance between A and B = x

$MF#%\text{Total time taken for traveling from A to B = }\dfrac{\text{distance}}{\text{speed}} = \dfrac{x}{84}

$MF#%

Train travels from B to A at 56 km per hour

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total time taken for traveling from B to A = }\dfrac{\text{distance}}{\text{speed}} = \dfrac{x}{56}\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Total distance travailed = }x + x = 2x\\\\

&\text{Total time taken = }\dfrac{x}{84} + \dfrac{x}{56}\\\\

&\text{Average speed = }\dfrac{\text{Total distance traveled}}{\text{Total time taken}} = \dfrac{2x}{\dfrac{x}{84} + \dfrac{x}{56}}\\\\\\\\

&= \dfrac{2}{\dfrac{1}{84} + \dfrac{1}{56}} = \dfrac{2 \times 84 \times 56}{56 + 84}= \dfrac{2\times84 \times 56}{140} = \dfrac{2 \times 21 \times 56}{35}= \dfrac{2 \times 3 \times 56}{5}\\\\

&= \dfrac{336}{5} = 67.2

\end{align} $MF#%

21. The average age of boys in a class is 16 years and that of the girls is 15 years. What is the average age for the whole class? | |

A. 15 | B. 16 |

C. 15.5 | D. Insufficient Data |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

We do not have the number of boys and girls. Hence we can not find out the answer.

22. The average age of 36 students in a group is 14 years. When teacher's age is included to it, the average increases by one. Find out the teacher's age in years? | |

A. 51 years | B. 49 years |

C. 53 years | D. 50 years |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

average age of 36 students in a group is 14

$MF#%\text{=> Sum of the ages of 36 students = }36 \times 14

$MF#%

When teacher's age is included to it, the average increases by one => average = 15

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{=> Sum of the ages of 36 students and the teacher =}37 \times 15\\\\

&\text{Hence teachers age = }37 \times 15 - 36 \times 14 = 37 \times 15 - 14\left(37-1\right) = 37 \times 15 - 37 \times 14 + 14\\\\

&= 37 \left(15 - 14\right)+ 14 = 37 + 14 = 51

\end{align} $MF#%

23. The average of five numbers id 27. If one number is excluded, the average becomes 25. What is the excluded number? | |

A. 30 | B. 40 |

C. 32.5 | D. 35 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

$MF#%\text{Sum of 5 numbers = }5 \times 27 \\\\

\text{Sum of 4 numbers after excluding one number = }4 \times 25\\\\

\text{Excluded number = }5 \times 27 - 4 \times 25 = 135- 100 = 35$MF#%

24. The batting average for 40 innings of a cricket player is 50 runs. His highest score exceeds his lowest score by 172 runs. If these two innings are excluded, the average of the remaining 38 innings is 48 runs. Find out the highest score of the player. | |

A. 150 | B. 174 |

C. 180 | D. 166 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total runs scored by the player in 40 innings = }40 \times 50 \\\\

&\text{Total runs scored by the player in 38 innings after excluding two innings }38 \times 48\\\\

&\text{Sum of the scores of the excluded innings = }40 \times 50 - 38 \times 48 = 2000 - 1824 = 176\\\\

&\end{align} $MF#%

Given that the scores of the excluded innings differ by 172. Hence let's take

the highest score as x + 172 and lowest score as x

Now x + 172 + x = 176

=> 2x = 4

$MF#%=> x = \dfrac{4}{2} = 2$MF#%

highest score as x + 172 = 2 + 172 = 174

25. The average score of a cricketer for ten matches is 38.9 runs. If the average for the first six matches is 42, what is the average for the last four matches? | |

A. 34.25 | B. 36.4 |

C. 40.2 | D. 32.25 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total runs scored in 10 matches = }10 \times 38.9\\\\

&\text{Total runs scored in first 6 matches = }6 \times 42\\\\

&\text{Total runs scored in the last 4 matches = }10 \times 38.9 - 6 \times 42 \\\\

&\text{Average of the runs scored in the last 4 matches = }\dfrac{10 \times 38.9 - 6 \times 42}{4}\\\\

&=\dfrac{389 - 252}{4}=\dfrac{137}{4}= 34.25

\end{align} $MF#%

26. The average of six numbers is x and the average of three of these is y. If the average of the remaining three is z, then | |

A. None of these | B. x = y + z |

C. 2x = y + z | D. x = 2y + 2z |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

Average of 6 numbers = x

=> Sum of 6 numbers = 6x

Average of the 3 numbers = y

=> Sum of these 3 numbers = 3y

Average of the remaining 3 numbers = z

=> Sum of the remaining 3 numbers = 3z

Now we know that 6x = 3y + 3z

=> 2x = y + z

27. Suresh drives his car to a place 150 km away at an average speed of 50 km/hr and returns at 30 km/hr. What is his average speed for the whole journey ? | |

A. 32.5 km/hr. | B. 35 km/hr. |

C. 37.5 km/hr | D. 40 km/hr |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option C

Explanation :

-------------------------------------------

Solution 1 (Quick)

--------------------------------------------

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{If a car covers a certain distance at x kmph and an equal distance at y kmph. Then,}\\

&\text{the average speed of the whole journey = }\dfrac{2xy}{x+y}\text{ kmph.}\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{By using the same formula, we can find out the average speed quickly}\\\

&\text{average speed = }\dfrac{2 \times 50\times 30}{50 + 30} = \dfrac{2\times 50 \times 30}{80} = \dfrac{2 \times 50 \times 3}{8}\\\\

&= \dfrac{50 \times 3}{4} = \dfrac{25\times 3}{2} = \dfrac{75}{2} = 37.5

\end{align} $MF#%

-------------------------------------------

Solution 2 (Fundamentals)

--------------------------------------------

Though it is a good idea to solve the problems quickly using formulas, you should

know the fundamentals too. Let's see how we can solve this problems using basics.

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total time taken for traveling one side = }\dfrac{\text{distance}}{\text{speed}} = \dfrac{150}{50}\\\\

&\text{Total time taken for return journey = }\dfrac{\text{distance}}{\text{speed}} = \dfrac{150}{30}\\\\\\\\\\\\\\\

&\text{Total distance travailed = }150 + 150 = 2 \times 150\\\\

&\text{Total time taken = }\dfrac{150}{50} + \dfrac{150}{30}\\\\

&\text{Average speed = }\dfrac{\text{Total distance traveled}}{\text{Total time taken}} = \dfrac{2 \times 150}{\dfrac{150}{50} + \dfrac{150}{30}}\\\\\\\\

&= \dfrac{2}{\dfrac{1}{50} + \dfrac{1}{30}} = \dfrac{2 \times 50 \times 30}{30+ 50}\\\\

&= \dfrac{2\times 50 \times 30}{80} = \dfrac{2 \times 50 \times 3}{8}\\\\

&= \dfrac{50 \times 3}{4} = \dfrac{25\times 3}{2} = \dfrac{75}{2} = 37.5

\end{align} $MF#%

28. The average age of a husband and his wife was 23 years at the time of their marriage. After five years they have a one year old child. What is the average age of the family ? | |

A. 21 years | B. 20 years |

C. 18 years | D. 19 years |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option D

Explanation :

$MF#%\begin{align}

&\text{Total of the age of husband and wife = }2 \times 23 = 46\\\\

&\text{Total of the age of husband and wife after 5 years + Age of the 1 year old child }\\\\

&= 46 + 5 + 5 + 1 = 57 \\\\

&\text{Average age of the family}= \dfrac{57}{3} = 19

\end{align} $MF#%

29. In an examination, a student's average marks were 63. If he had obtained 20 more marks for his Geography and 2 more marks for his history, his average would have been 65. How many subjects were there in the examination? | |

A. 12 | B. 11 |

C. 13 | D. 14 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option B

Explanation :

Let the number of subjects = x

Then, Total marks he scored for all subjects = 63x

If he had obtained 20 more marks for his Geography and 2 more marks for his history,

his average would have been 65

=> Total marks he would have scored for all subjects = 65x

Now we can form the equation as 65x - 63x = the additional marks of the student = 20 + 2 = 22

=> 2x = 22

$MF#%=> x = \dfrac{22}{2} = 11$MF#%

30. The average salary of all the workers in a workshop is Rs.8000. The average salary of 7 technicians is Rs.12000 and the average salary of the rest is Rs.6000. How many workers are there in the workshop ? | |

A. 21 | B. 22 |

C. 23 | D. 24 |

| Discuss |

Here is the answer and explanation

Answer : Option A

Explanation :

Let the number of workers = x

Given that average salary of all the workers = Rs.8000

then total salary of all workers = 8000x

Given that average salary of 7 technicians is Rs.12000

$MF#%\text{=> Total salary of 7 technicians = }7 \times 12000 = 84000$MF#%

Number of the rest of the employees = (x - 7)

Average salary of the rest of the employees = Rs.6000

Total salary of the rest of the employees = (x - 7)(6000)

8000x = 84000 + (x - 7)(6000)

=> 8x = 84 + (x - 7)(6)

=> 8x = 84 + 6x - 42

=> 2x = 42

$MF#%=> x = \dfrac{42}{2} = 21$MF#%

Comments(79)

Then the total score in the first 19 innings = 19x

He scores 110 runs in the 20th inning.

Total score becomes 19x+110

average of the 20 innings is (x+4).

Total score of the 20 innings = 20(x+4)

19x+110 = 20(x+4)

x = 30

his average before 20th inning = 30

Q1 what was the average of their goals scored?

Q2 what was the maximum goals scored by a single person?

Q3 what was the minimum number of goals scored by a single person?

{2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}

Total of these numbers = 281

if we remove 3,5,7 (lowest three), average will slightly above 24

if we remove 37,41,43, average will be slightly above 14

__So, Possible values of the average are 17, 19 and 23 (because average is also a prime)__

__possible set is {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}__

reminder (when divided by by 11) {2, 3, 5, 7, 0, 2, 6, 8, 1, 7, 9, 4, 8, 10

reminder (when divided by by 11) {2, 3, 5, 7, 0, 2, 6, 8, 1, 7, 9, 4, 8, 10

`}`**if the average is 17,**

possible set is {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 19, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}

Total of these 13 numbers = 264 .

Total of the actual 11 numbers = 17 * 11 = 187 (because average is 17)

Remainder of 264 when divided by 11 is 0. So the two numbers which are subtracted from 264 should have the remainder sum of 11 (ie, sum of the numbers as 11, 22 etc) so that the net sum will be divisible by 11.

Even when we subtract any two numbers from 264 whose reminder sum is 11, we will not get 187. So average cannot be 17.

**if the average is 19,**

possible set is {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 23, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}

Total of these 13 numbers = 262

Total of the actual 11 numbers = 19 * 11 = 209

Remainder of 262 when divided by 11 is 9. so the two numbers which are subtracted from 262 should have the remainder sum of 2 (ie, sum of the numbers as 2, 13, 24 etc) so that the net sum will be divisible by 11)

Even when we subtract any two numbers from 262 whose reminder sum is 2, we will not get 209 and hence, average cannot be 19

**if the average is 23,**

possible set is {2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}

remainder (when divided by by 11) {2, 3, 5, 7, 0, 2, 6, 8, 7, 9, 4, 8, 10}

Total of these 13 numbers = 258(remainder when divided by 11 is 5)

Total of the actual 11 numbers = 23 * 11 = 243

we can subtract 2 and 3 (whose reminder sum is 5) such that is sum becomes 253 which is divisible by 11

__So the average is 23__

The numbers areThe numbers are

__{5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 29, 31, 37, 41, 43}__

__Now the questions can be easily answered__

**1. average of their goals scored : 23**

2. maximum goals scored by a single person : 43

3. minimum number of goals scored by a single person : 5

Let average weight of the 12 girls be x kg.

Then, the average weight of 15 boys = (x+6.75)

Total weight of the 12 girls = 12x

Total weight of the 15 boys = 15(x+6.75)

12x+15(x+6.75)=972

x = 32.25 kg

average weight of 12 girls = 32.25 kg

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