Problems on Area - Solved Examples(Set 1)
1. An error $2\%$ in excess is made while measuring the side of a square. What is the percentage of error in the calculated area of the square?
A. $4.04\%$B. $2.02\%$
C. $4\%$D. $2\%$
answer with explanation

Answer: Option A

Explanation:

Solution 1

Percentage error in calculated area
$=\left(2+2+\dfrac{2×2}{100}\right)\%=4.04\%$

(This formula is explained in detail here)


Solution 2

Error $=2\%$ while measuring the side of a square.

Let correct value of the side of the square $=100$
Then, measured value $=100+2=102~~$(∵ $2$ is $2\%$ of $100$)

Correct area of the square $=100×100=10000$
Calculated area of the square $=102×102=10404$

Error $=10404-10000=404$

Percentage error $=\dfrac{\text{error}}{\text{actual value}}×100$
$=\dfrac{404}{10000}×100 = 4.04\%$


2. A rectangular park $60$ m long and $40$ m wide has two concrete crossroads running in the middle of the park and rest of the park has been used as a lawn. The area of the lawn is $2109$ sq. m. what is the width of the road?
A. $5$ mB. $4$ m
C. $2$ mD. $3$ m
answer with explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Reference Diagram

Please refer the diagram given above.

Area of the park $=60×40=2400$ m2
Given that area of the lawn $=2109$ m2
∴ Total area of the cross roads $=2400-2109=291$ m2

Assume that the width of the cross roads $=x$

Then, total area of the cross roads
= Area of road $1$ + Area of road $2$ - (Common area of the cross roads)
$=60x+40x-x^2$

(Let's look in detail how we got the total area of the cross roads as $60x+40x-x^2$. As shown in the diagram, area of road $1$ $=60x$. This has the areas of the parts $1,2$ and $3$ given in the diagram. Area of road $2$ $=40x$. This has the parts $4,5$ and $6$. You can see that there is an area which is intersecting (i.e. part $2$ and part $5$) and the intersection area $=x^2$.

Since $60x+40x$ covers the intersecting area $(x^2)$ two times (part $2$ and part $5$), we need to subtract the intersecting area of $(x^2)$ one time to get the total area. Hence total area of the cross roads $=60x+40x-x^2$


Now, we have
Total area of cross roads $=60x+40x-x^2$
But total area of the cross roads $=291$ m2

Hence,
$60x+40x-x^2=291\\\Rightarrow 100x-x^2=291\\\Rightarrow x^2-100x+291=0\\\Rightarrow (x-97)(x-3)=0$$\Rightarrow x=3$ ($x$ cannot be $97$ as the park is only $60$ m long and $40$ m wide)


3. A towel, when bleached, lost $20\%$ of its length and $10\%$ of its breadth. What is the percentage decrease in area?
A. $30\%$B. $28\%$
C. $32\%$D. $26\%$
answer with explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Solution 1

percentage change in area
$=\left(-20-10+\dfrac{20×10}{100}\right)\%=-28\%$
i.e., area is decreased by $28\%$

(This formula is explained in detail here)


Solution 2

Let original length $=10$
original breadth $=10$
Then, original area $=10×10=100$

Lost $20\%$ of length
⇒ New length $=10-2=8~~$(∵ $2$ is $20\%$ of $10$)

Lost $10\%$ of breadth
⇒ New breadth $=10-1=9~~$(∵ $1$ is $10\%$ of $10$)

New area $=8×9=72$

Decrease in area
= original area - new area
$=100-72=28$

Percentage decrease in area
$=\dfrac{\text{decrease in area}}{\text{original area}}×100\\=\dfrac{28}{100}×100=28\%$


Solution 3

Let original length $=l,$
original breadth $=b$
Then, original area $=lb$

Lost $20\%$ of length
⇒ New length $=l×\dfrac{80}{100}=0.8l$

Lost $10\%$ of breadth
⇒ New breadth $=b×\dfrac{90}{100}=0.9b$

New area $=0.8l×0.9b=0.72lb$

Decrease in area
= original area - new area
$=lb-0.72lb=0.28lb$

Percentage decrease in area
$=\dfrac{\text{decrease in area}}{\text{original area}}×100\\=\dfrac{0.28lb}{lb}×100=28\%$


4. If the length of a rectangle is halved and its breadth is tripled, what is the percentage change in its area?
A. $25\%$ increaseB. $25\%$ decrease
C. $50\%$ decreaseD. $50\%$ increase
answer with explanation

Answer: Option D

Explanation:

Solution 1

Length is halved.
i.e., length is decreased by $50\%$

Breadth is tripled
i.e., breadth is increased by $200\%$

Change in area
$=\left(-50+200-\dfrac{50×200}{100}\right)\%=50\%$

i.e., area is increased by $50\%$

(This formula is explained in detail here)


Solution 2

Let original length $=10$
original breadth $=10$
Then, original area $=10×10=100$

Length is halved
⇒ New length $=\dfrac{10}{2}=5$

breadth is tripled.
⇒ New breadth $=10×3=30$

New area $=5×30=150$

Increase in area
= new area - original area
$=150-100=50$

Percentage increase in area
$=\dfrac{\text{increase in area}}{\text{original area}}×100\\=\dfrac{50}{100}×100=50\%$


Solution 3

Let original length $=l,$
original breadth $=b$
Then, original area $=lb$

Length is halved
⇒ New length $=\dfrac{l}{2}$

breadth is tripled
⇒ New breadth $=3b$

New area $=\dfrac{l}{2}×3b=\dfrac{3lb}{2}$

Increase in area
= new area - original area
$=\dfrac{3lb}{2}-lb=\dfrac{lb}{2}$

Percentage increase in area
$=\dfrac{\text{increase in area}}{\text{original area}}×100\\=\dfrac{\left(\dfrac{lb}{2}\right)}{lb}×100=\dfrac{1}{2}×100=50\%$


5. A person walked diagonally across a square plot. Approximately, what was the percent saved by not walking along the edges?
A. $35\%$B. $30\%$
C. $20\%$D. $25\%$
answer with explanation

Answer: Option B

Explanation:

Solution 1



Consider a square plot as shown above.
Let length of each side $=1$
Then, length of the diagonal $=\sqrt{1^2+1^2}=\sqrt{2}$

Distance travelled if walked along the edges
= BC + CD $=1+1=2$

Distance travelled if walked diagonally
= BD $=\sqrt{2}=1.41$

Distance saved $=2-1.41=0.59$

Percent distance saved
$=\dfrac{0.59}{2}×100=0.59×50 \approx 30 \%$


Solution 2



Consider a square plot as shown above.
Let length of each side = $x$
Then, length of the diagonal = $\sqrt{x^2+x^2}=\sqrt{2}x$

Distance travelled if walked along the edges
= BC + CD = $x+x=2x$

Distance travelled if walked diagonally
= BD = $\sqrt{2}x = 1.41x$

Distance saved $=2x-1.41x=0.59x$

Percent distance saved
$=\dfrac{0.59x}{2x}×100=0.59×50 \approx 30\%$

Set 1Set 2Set 3Set 4Set 5Set 6
 
 
 
Comments(38) Sign in (optional)
showing 1-10 of 38 comments,   sorted newest to the oldest
Rishabh
2015-01-20 21:20:37 
Q If 2 squares are similar but not equal and the diagonal of larger square is 4 m.What is the area of smaller square if it area is $\dfrac{1}{2}$ of larger square.Also tell the side of smaller square.
(0) (0) Reply
vipin kumar
2015-08-16 13:57:33 
we know area of square = $\dfrac{1}{2}$×(diagonal)2
so  area of  larger square = $\dfrac{1}{2}×4^2=\dfrac{1}{2}×16=8$

now area of the smaller square $=\dfrac{1}{2}$(area of larger square)$=\dfrac{1}{2}×8=4$
(0) (0) Reply
Raj
2015-01-24 10:10:38 
Side of the larger square $=\dfrac{4}{\sqrt{2}}=2\sqrt{2}$
Area of the larger square $=2\sqrt{2}×2\sqrt{2}=8$

Area of smaller square $=\dfrac{8}{2}=4$
Side of the smaller square $=\sqrt{4}=2$
Diagonal of the smaller square $=2\sqrt{2}$
(0) (0) Reply
maha marak
2015-01-20 15:15:33 
Area of a circle is 2464 m2. Find its diameter.
(0) (0) Reply
Jay
2015-01-23 23:11:45 
pi r2 = 2464
22/7 * r2 = 2464
r2 =2464 * 7/22= 784
r = 28
diameter = 2r = 56 m
(0) (0) Reply
neha
2015-01-12 15:56:43 
the length of the longest rod can be placed in a room 30 m long, 24 m broad and 18 m high. is?

(0) (0) Reply
Jay
2015-01-12 20:25:02 
it will be equal to the length of the diagonal which is
root(30^2+24^2+18^2)
 = root(1800)
= 30 * root(2) m

(0) (0) Reply
samuel
2014-12-19 03:06:08 
side of a square is 11 and find the area of circle  since squre is converted in to circle?

(0) (0) Reply
Nikhil T
2014-12-20 21:26:08 
perimeter of the square = 44 which will be the perimeter of the circle

2 * pi * r = 44
2 * (22/7) * r = 44
r = 7

Area = pi * r2 = (22/7) * 72 =  154
(0) (0) Reply
Nikhil
2014-12-12 10:02:57 
A question If three identical circles are inscribed into a triangle that is equilateral with each side 24 m the n what is the area of each circle

(0) (0) Reply
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